Readings & Meanings:
subject of study
He is a physics student.
As science progresses, people's lives have changed in big ways.
During the time of Prime Minister Tanaka in Japan, it was decided to distribute the public-school textbooks to students completely free.
Nogi-hen, 禾, on the left. 斗, a pictograph of a ladle or measuring cup, on the right. Originally 科 was used to mean "rank" or "examine," like you examine the quality of rice by measuring it.
Departments in universities are where examinations are held.
The textbooks in Japan are strictly regulated by the government. Even in the private schools. And there's no home school system.
So everybody born in the same year knows exactly the same stories. That's neat; you always can reminisce with anyone the same age, even if you didn't go to the same high school. It's also kind of scary. The idea is trying to make everybody think the same way.
There are controversies about what is to be included and what isn't. For example, the Nanking Incident/Massacre. How this is handled is always a subject of debate.